## Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)

Navier-Stokes + Incompressible + Finite difference method

Discretization methods for approximating the Partial Differential Equations (PDEs):

1. Finite Difference (FD) 2. Finite Elements (FE)
3. Finite Volume (FV)

#### Finite Difference (FD) Taylor’s polynomial   ## Spacecraft Trajectory Optimization

Trajectory optimization using AI

Spacecraft mission will become more common. There are relevant open projects such that Mars colonization and exploring missions outside the Solar System.

These missions require high accuracy calculations because the error propagates in time and would be able to modify the trajectory.

There are many ways to face this problem: analytical or numerical approaches.

The analytical approaches could only be used for simplified problems, and thus it is really restrictive.

The numerical approaches commonly used and include metaheuristics and nonlinear programming. I have used genetic algorithms to solve a basic problem which consists of optimizing trajectory to travel to Mars from the Earth.

## Nuclear Fusion + AI

Fusion Reactor Simulations + Deep learning

Fusion power is a proposed form of power generation that would generate electricity by using heat from nuclear fusion reactions.

There are many methods to achieve the fusion: magnetic confinement, inertial confinement, electric pinches, inertial electrostatic confinement, …

#### magnetic confinement – tokamak

Pulsotron is a Tokamak fusion power reactor. It is an evolutionary prototype that was designed by Javier Luis López. The simulations were made using C++ and OpenGL.

## Fluid Dynamics

Navier-Stokes Equation [ ] : fluid density [ ] : dynamic viscosity [ ] : kinematic viscosity [ ] : velocity : volume

#### Conservation of mass

1. For a system: 2. For a C.V. (Reynolds transport theorem):\] Differential form (\delta x\delta y\delta z): ## LiDAR: Autonomous Car

LiDAR implementation in self-driving cars

LiDAR (Light Imaging, Direction And Ranging) is a method that measures the distance to a target by illuminating the target with pulsed laser light and measuring the reflected pulses with a sensor. Autonomous cars take advantage of this new technology.