Recurrent Neural Network (RNN), Long-Short Term Memory (LSTM) & Gated Recurrent Unit (GRU)
Is a type of artificial neural network where connections between nodes form a sequence. This allows temporal dynamic behavior for time sequence. There are 3 types of vanilla recurrent neural network: the simple (RNN), gated recurrent unit (GRU) and long short term memory unit (LSTM).
LiDAR (Light Imaging, Direction And Ranging) is a method that measures the distance to a target by illuminating the target with pulsed laser light and measuring the reflected pulses with a sensor. Autonomous cars take advantage of this new technology.
Convolutional neural network introduction and tutorial
Convolutional neural network (CNN or ConvNet) is a type of neural network used in artificial intelligence that is commonly applied to analyzing images.
They can be considered a pre-processing compared to image classification algorithms. They have applications in image and video recognition, recommender systems, image classification, natural language processing, etc.
AI is a new ﬁeld that appeared a few decades ago and has seen unprecedented growth. The AI approach has been used in numerous ﬁelds, such as ﬁnance, medicine, music, customer service, and transportation. Some of the big challenges we have to cope with are the computing power and lack of documentation. Big companies such as Google and Apple do not share advances in this ﬁeld, the secretism characterizes this scientiﬁc ﬁeld and thus the information we can get is very restrictive. In this work, we introduce a model of an autonomous car and then examine diﬀerent algorithms capable of driving the car in a simulated. We also discuss the diﬃculties we need to deal with such as local minimums, losing diversity, ﬁtness functions, localization, performance, and future applications.